If high pressure sodium lights aren’t the most popular lighting systems used in cannabis grows, they are most definitely among the top 3 with florescent and metal halide. These lights in the flowering stage, will provide the required energy for a bigger yield per wat in comparison to any type of grow light out there. That’s a perk most growers can’t ignore, despite their higher electrical usage than alternatives like LED or CFL’s.
I like to start off the seedlings and the first few weeks of vegetative growth under a compact florescent set up. After i feel the plant is strong enough to take the intensity from the high pressure sodium(it has several sets of leaves), I will replace the CFL”s with a 1000 watt High pressure sodium light. I think this light works great for both the vegetative and flowering cycle of the plants life. You most definitely can get away with using a different lighting system for the entire vegetative cycle. I would highly recommend using these type of lights for flowering though because that’s where these bulbs really separate themselves from the rest. Plants respond better to the red spectrum of lighting for flowering, as it promotes the plant to stretch and bud more efficiently. Plants may also have a faster transition to flower under a light that is closer to the red spectrum.
One of the most important things to consider when choosing to go with a HPS, is cooling the growing environment. There has to be a fan attached to the reflector at all times or it will emit too much heat for your medicine to be grown optimally. As long as the area is well ventilated and you have hot air going out with fresh air coming in, there is no issue with using these lights. Remember that growing temperatures should be between 73-85 during the vegetative stage and you’ll have to compensate for this added heat. A couple feet is a good maximum distance to separate the plants from the glass.
These lights are very powerful and they produce powerful medicine. I remember my very first grow when I wasn’t too sure what I was doing outside of reading, and I purchased a high quality HPS bulb. My first harvest turned out to be surprisingly good quality and I was quick to give credit to the expensive light. My yield was low, but that was because I was still trying to figure out the correct nutrient mix and wasn’t using proper pruning techniques. Now that I have a few years of growing experience I can say for sure that these lights will produce wonderful buds if you know what you are doing. Start growing now and as young as you can, I can only imagine the quality of medicine you and I could be producing 20 years down the road.
One of the first decisions that you will have to make when starting a garden of your own is whether to go the route of purchasing either a clone from another gardener or start the delicate process from the very start. There are different advantages for each method depending on how much experience you have growing, the size of your garden, and simply personal preferences.
I will start with my preferred method which is starting from the beginning with feminized seeds. One of the main reasons people choose to go the other route is because seeds can either be male or female. Seeds that turn out to be male plants will produce no flowers and will pollinate all of your’e existing female plants(If you don’t remove them prior to flowering) making their medicine also unusable. Buying feminized seeds is one way to ensure you can start from the beginning and not be wasting your time. The key reason that I choose to start from the seed is because that means you have complete control over the entire cycle and are not mixing your techniques with the previous grower. This could mean for example that the clone that you purchased is in a different grow medium/mix then what you will be using for the rest of the process. Outside of this problem, most growers agree that establishing good health in the seedling stage and early vegetation stage are key to having your plant run this marathon of a growing process. So to have no control over this time frame is not something that interests me much as a grower.
Even though I made it sound like seeds are the superior way to go, clones most definitely have perks to them that many growers find attractive to their operation. If you are operating a large scale grow operation or are trying to maximize the number of harvest you can get in a given period of time clones will definitely be ideal. When you purchase a clone they are priced based on how far along they are in the growing period as well as the quality of the genetics you are taking a copy of. Regardless, even if it is in the first few weeks of vegetative growth you saved yourself nearly a month in time. It takes almost a week for germination and another week of growth as a seedling before it reaches a foot or so in height. So you most definitely are cutting time out of the harvest cycle. Large operations could benefit because they can simply take cuttings off their other plants and plant them in the ground and get the exact same genetic copy. No money is spent on seeds, time is saved, and you know exactly what to expect out of that plant months in the future. This eliminates the problems of purchasing them from another grower and having different growing techniques. If you currently have a lot of plants growing, it would be foolish to not take advantage of cloning.
I have just created an account on Patreon in an effort to gain enough financial support to provide more consistent content for my growing number of readers. I can’t thank those enough that have been following my posts and found interest in the education that I am trying to spread about this wonderful plant and the culture surrounding it. Unfortunately, unlike most websites there is no ad revenue to be made with a topic such as cannabis. This negative stigma is the exact reason for this website and the goal is to grow this effort into a full time commitment. Thank you guys again and have a great day!
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The northern lights when grown correctly will have you staring up at the night sky as if you really were in Alaska enjoying the northern lights. Besides an amazing hybrid high that you can feel throughout the entire body, the most notable trait is the flavor. It’s best described as very piney and organic and has a sweet aroma to it, especially when burned. I’ve done two separate runs of this strain now and have been impressed by the yield that these plants give. Even though she won’t reach very tall heights because of their indica dominant nature, it will branch out and still produce tons of budding sites if pruned correctly.
The flowering time for this phenotype is in the 8-9 week range although I have harvested after week 8 both times because the trichomes are really milky already at that point. If you read my previous article you’d know I’m using coco coir as my preferred grow medium and this plant responded great to it. I would definitely classify this strain as a good beginners strain for those starting out in growing because it really doesn’t pose many problems and is quick to recover from errors with nutrients, ph, etc. It definitely needs to be up kept as it will grow extremely bushy and may take up too much of your grow area if you don’t trim it up regularly during veg. Out of the 3 different strains that I have grown it is my favorite so far across all important categories. As long as you flush the plant properly at the end, the flavor should be hard to match, it’s very unique. If you’re a medical cannabis grower I would definitely add this to your garden if you have patients that are dealing with severe pain. This one works very well for those that need relief in different parts of the body. It relaxes the muscles much more then your typical hybrid or sativa strain and you can find yourself asleep before you know it with higher doses.
This strain is extremely popular and most likely would not be hard to find at your local compassion club. I have come across this strain a number of times outside of my own stash of seeds and I’m sure many of you readers have had the pleasure of trying it as well. What other medical uses have you guys found this particular phenotype to help deal with? Share your experiences with growing/sampling this strain.
I have found after using a few different types of grow mediums I have settled with coco coir as my go to. It’s best described as a soil-less medium that is like a hybrid between hydroponic growing and soil growing. It has the characteristics of hydroponic growing when it comes to oxygen level to the roots and you’ll have to add all the required nutrients externally. There are no nutrients provided in the medium at all so the feeding schedule would look much similar a hydroponic grow than a soil one. However, hydro systems usually involve placing the plant directly in nutrient solution without any kind of medium. Coco has a different texture than soil but it has to be watered by hand just like any soil plant would be watered.
If you would like to pursue this method of growing I would also suggest a few things I’ve come across when using it. Plants seem to really flourish when there is some perlite in the mixture because it adds even more aeration to the plants roots. Coco does a great job of this on its own due to its fiber like texture and plants love this mixture more than anything I’ve yet tried. Another thing to keep in mind is that the plants will have to be watered much more often than a soil plant. Just like the oxygen flows right through the medium, so does water. It doesn’t hold water and nutrients that well so you will find yourself watering every other day. This can become a problem for the avid traveler because roots could dry up on them without a consistent watering cycle.
Even taking into the consideration the negatives involved in a coco coir grow, I find it a very effective method to grow high quality cannabis. Obviously there are far more determining factors than just the grow medium but I think it can be an advantage over a traditional soil grow or difficult hydro system. For beginners it’s ideal, you just have to know the best amount of nutrients to use in feeding. This will all depend on what type of nutrients you choose as a grower. I stick with General Hydroponics but there are many different options that will vary in cost and results. Everybody grows differently and there is no doubt amazing weed that’s been grown organically in soil and in a complete hydro system, so choose what works for your environment and preference. I would highly recommend this grow medium though mostly due to the great aeration and direct grower control over nutrients in the plant.
Everyone has heard that a joint helps the day after you have a hangover and the worst headache. This actually can be applied to those of us who suffer from the physical pain involved in migraines headaches. I thought it would be helpful if I shared my own personal experience and how I’ve found what type of cannabis treatment works best to treat the horrible side effects from migraines. To this day, I’m still experimenting with the different available plant forms and strains to see what works best for not only the pain but the horrible nausea that can accompany them. The funny thing is that even if I took any of the many popular strains that are being grown today, it would still work far better than the pharmaceutical drugs I got prescribed or could have got prescribed had I continued traditional treatment. If you are in a similar situation and all you have tried are painkillers or other drugs with negative side effects, try whatever form of marijuana consumption you would be most comfortable with obtaining. There are many places even in the United States still today that don’t make it easy to find specific strains to fit your medical needs by continuing prohibition. Unfortunately all you can really do is take whatever Bob the black market dealer has, or gain the skills and equipment to produce your own medicine. It may not only reduce the discomfort you experience during an episode, but more importantly prevent the frequency that they occur in my experience. There are also new studies supporting this idea popping up the past few years.
For those of us lucky enough to live in a place where locking people in cages for having a plant has lost its popularity, we have a wide selection of not only strains but edibles, oils, drinks, lotion, and anything you could imagine. The general rule that I live by when it comes to treating my migraines is that indica dominant hybrids work best. They provide the most pain relief while relaxing the whole body making the pounding sensation much less intense and manageable. There are most definitely specific strains in this category that work better than others, but when in doubt or lacking specific info, go with this category of strains. By sedating the body and providing a lot of pain relief it makes the dizziness subside and patients able to relax. As far as consuming these strains I find smoking and vaporizing far more ideal then edibles or other methods because they take a while to produce effects. Migraine suffers much prefer immediate relief because in 40-50 minutes the worst of it likely has passed in most cases. It’s often hard to anticipate one coming until you’re already experiencing the symptoms.
Before I was being more general by saying to look for a indica dominant strain, but I would like to get more specific and point you in the direction of some strains I’ve found help me greatly. One of these are sativa dominant and that’s why the indica/sativa differentiation is only applicable in general and is not a cut and dry rule whether your talking about treating migraines or any condition. First to start off, if you can get your hands on it, is the classic and arguable most popular marijuana strain OG Kush. I think that this may be the best strain ever, not only for how much it has helped me with pain relief and nausea but it amazes me with the best effects ever. When this is professionally grown and is the authentic genetics it doesn’t get any better. Most of the good strains that took off in popularity have this in it’s genetics. It packs the punch required to treat severe pain and makes you feel extremely euphoric. Another good option that won’t put you out for the night is Tangerine Dream. I would use this if I had to work or go to college because it really finds a way to kill the pain and give motivation. There are a lot of strains that do this but the flavor on this one is amazing! Hopefully this info can lead you to the same relief I have experienced since discovering medical cannabis for myself.
I was shocked to hear late this afternoon about Trump’s press secretary Sean Spicer and his remarks about the tightening enforcement to be expected when it comes to marijuana for recreational use. At this point in time, 8 states have legalized the consumption and possession of some amount as well as already set up retail outlets in many of these states. It’s crazy to think all of a sudden they are just going to go against the will of the people who played by all the political rules for these initiatives to succeed. Right away I think this will obviously be received very negatively by the public, and they will hear tons of criticism from all sorts of people.
The other thing however is that this conference was very brief and very vague as to what this meant exactly. It could mean a whole variety of things from the extreme of no more legal marijuana in 8 states that have been reaping in the countless benefits of reduced crime rates, violence, and the list goes on. Or it could mean they are tightening the rules and making more hoops to jump through in order for there to be regulation. Either way it is not good. There was definitely a clear negative connotation associated with “recreational” use of the drug during this press conference. This is a medicine that is also something that improves the quality of life for a lot of healthy adults. Everyone has something that marijuana could help with whether thats stress, sleeping issues, depression, improving quality of life. and none of these are terminal diseases they are parts of every day life for many people. No one needs to explain their reason for use of this natural substance to anyone, even if it did have the harmful effects that society claimed it did. That’s clearly a personal choice that no one has a right to interfere with.
In some sort of effort to establish reasoning for this uncalled for intervention, he cited the rising opiate problem in the country as a reason not to legalize another substance. This is the most ridiculous thing I’ve heard in a while. The american people don’t want to hear the non factual opinions anymore. Especially after the evidence has been piling up that states with marijuana laws in effect have far lower opiod overdose and use levels. It’s a far safer alternative, not another harmful drug to “throw into the mix”. It will definitely be interesting seeing how this all unfolds and if the president will rethink this kind of approach and get on the right side of history. The truth has come out with Colorado and all the things that they claimed would go wrong never did. Now that people have seen that they are not gonna fall for the same nonsense that kept it illegal this long.